Each species account is written by leading ornithologists and provides detailed information on bird distribution, migration, habitat, diet, sounds, behavior, breeding, current population status, and conservation. 1970. Biannual surveys conducted by the Hawaiian Department of Land and Natural Resource's Division of Forestry and Wildlife (DOFAW) found that between 1998 and 2003 the inter-island coot population averaged 2,100 birds, ranging between 1,500 and 3,000 birds.  Recent surveys estimated winter populations fluctuating around 1,500 birds and a summer population fluctuating around 2,000 birds.. It has a swift direct flight with rapid wing beats, feet protruding past the tail. Hawaiian Bird Conservation Action Plan Hawaiian waterbirds profile - 1 October 2012 Focal Species: Hawaiian Water birds: Hawaiian Coot or ‘Alae ke‘oke‘o (Fulica alai) Hawaiian Gallinule or ‘Alae ‘Ula (Gallinula galeata sandvicensis) Hawaiian Stilt or Ae‘o (Himantopus mexicanus knudseni) Synopsis: These three waterbirds use a variety of wetlands, but habitat loss and degradation have They are not endangered, nor are they threatened, but they are protected by the Migratory Bird Act. The ʻalae keʻokeʻo, or Hawaiian coot, are charming 14-inch water birds. Discover them all with Birds of the World. United States Fish and Wildlife Service. It feeds on seeds, aquatic leaves, invertebrates and tadpoles. Conserving wetlands means we are supporting some of the rarest (and coolest!) Hawaiian Coot: This medium-sized, chicken-like waterbird has dark gray and black plumage, a short white bill, big frontal shield, and under tail coverts. All-black and larger than its cousin, the moorhen, the Eurasian coot has a distinctive white beak and 'shield' above the beak which earns it the title 'bald'. Available in a range of colours and styles for men, women, and everyone. The toes are lobed, not webbed, and the eyes are red. The Makalawena Marsh on the Big Island of Hawaiʻi has been listed as a National Natural Landmark to preserve one of its last nesting areas.. In Hawaiian, ʻalae is a noun and means mud hen. UK wintering is the number of individuals present from October to March. 2005. It occurs and breeds in Europe, Asia, Australia, and Africa. Honolulu, Hawai‘i. 1952. The flight from Japan to the nearest island eastward would involve a flight about as prolonged as that from the Aleutian Archipelago to Hawaii, or some 2000 miles.  Since the 1960s, the interannual population size has fluctuated from less than 1,000 birds to over 3,000, and appears to be gradually increasing. (Browse free accounts on the home page.). This endemic species has been recorded on all Southeastern Hawaiian Islands except Kaho'olawe, and has occurred sporadically as a vagrant to the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands, as far west as Kure.  In Hawaiian, ʻalae is a noun and means mud hen. Coots in Hawaii were and E.R. Unlock thousands of full-length species accounts and hundreds of bird family overviews when you subscribe to Birds of the World. We […] Their black body and white beak and forehead stand out as they coast along the water. The Hawaiian archipelago is a group of 132 islands, reefs, and shoals in the North Pacific Ocean that extends about 1,525 mi (2,454 km) from Kure Atoll (29 ° N, 178 ° W) to the big island of Hawaii (19 ° N, 156 ° W). The presence of 2 genetic groups suggests that Hawaiian Coots may have been isolated in at least 2 areas during the decline, presumably a Kauai-Oahu group and a … The chain of low islets once gained, it would be but a question of time for migrants, step by step, to reach the larger islands of Hawaii, 2000 miles or so to the eastward. Please do not substitute this template. http://www.fws.gov/endangered/species/recovery-plans.html, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hawaiian_coot&oldid=965270585, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Hawaiian coot with yellowish frontal shield, This page was last edited on 30 June 2020, at 10:59. Taxonomy Version: IOC 10.1 It is now considered either to be a separate species, Fulica alai, or a subspecies of the American coot, Fulica americana alai. This dark gray bird has a black head and neck and white feathers on the flanks and under tail coverts, a very distinctive red frontal shield; bill tip is yellow with a red base, and the legs and feet are greenish, without lobes. Department of Land and Natural Resources. Shop high-quality unique Coot T-Shirts designed and sold by artists. The Hawaiian Coot, a relative of the American Coot, has been on the endangered species list since 1970.  The United States Fish and Wildlife Service's 5-year review, conducted in 2010, found that none of the four criteria established for delisting or downlisting of the species had been meet. Species occur mainly from the continental United States, but Eurasian species also occur with some frequency. Hawaiian Coot: This resident species breeds in ditches, wet taro fields, ponds, and other freshwater wetlands in lowland areas of the Hawaiian Islands.  Conservation of Endangered Species and other Fish or Wildlife: United States List of Endangered Native Fish and Wildlife Federal Registry 35: 16047-16048. The toes are lobed, not webbed, and the eyes are red. Breeding and Nesting Main Hawaiian Islands are widely yet … 850 . Using the Census 2016 population estimates, here is the 18–22 population over time in Hawaii: Polynesians from the South Pacific, probably the Marquesas Islands, begin migration to Hawaii in double-hulled voyaging canoes. It feeds on seeds, aquatic leaves, invertebrates and tadpoles. Hawaiian Moorhen: This moorhen is a subspecies of the Common Gallinule. United States Fish and Wildlife Service. It is currently found locally on Niihau, Kauai, Oahu, Molokai, Maui and Hawaii. The bird was federally listed in October 1970 as an endangered species  and is considered both endemic and endangered by the state of Hawaii. USFWS Pacific Island Fish and Wildlife Office, Honolulu, HI, 11 pp. Mitchell, C., C. Ogura, D.W. Meadows, A. Kane, L. Strommer, S. Fretz, D. Leonard, and A. McClung. (Fulica alai), also known as the ʻAlae Kea in the Hawaiian language.  Schwartz, C.W. birds in the world. Hawaiian Coot: French: ... Each species account is written by leading … Hawaiian coot Fulica alai / ‘Alae ke‘oke‘o. americana. Migration Patch Birding Species Profiles Where To Watch Identification Optics Ornithology . The Hawaiian coot was initially threatened by hunting in the first half of the last century, but is now threatened primarily by loss of habitat.